By STEPHEN PHEASANT
This version has been revised to deliver clean insights into the foundations and perform of anthropometrics, workspace layout, sitting and seating, fingers and handles, ergonomics within the workplace, ergonomics in the house, and well-being and defense at paintings.
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This variation has been revised to deliver clean insights into the foundations and perform of anthropometrics, workspace layout, sitting and seating, arms and handles, ergonomics within the place of work, ergonomics in the house, and well-being and security at paintings.
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Extra resources for Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of the Work, Second Edition
Fruin (1971), in the context of an account of pedestrian movement and flow, introduced the concept of the body ellipse. In plan view the space occupied by the human body may be approximately described by an ellipse—the long and short axes of which are determined by its maximum breadth and depth. 2 and allowing a generous 25 mm all round for clothes, the long and short axes of our ellipse become 630 and 380 mm, respectively. 2 Clearance dimensions in various positions (all dimensions in mm). 2 Body ellipse (BE), elbow room (ER) and arm span (AS).
In practice, however, variability in heel height is small compared with anthropometric variability and a uniform increment to all percentiles will be adequate. Taking one consideration with another, the following corrections would seem appropriate for shoes worn in public places on formal and semi-formal occasions: § § for men, add 25 mm to all dimensions; for women, add 45 mm to all dimensions. Corrections for situations where other types of footwear are the norm should be made on an ad hoc basis.
Corrections As much as 25 mm for some protective gloves. 30 Foot length Definition Distance, parallel to the long axis of the foot, from the back of the heel to the tip of the longest toe. Applications Clearance for foot, design of pedals. Corrections In many respects surveys of shoes would be more relevant than surveys of feet since their sizes and shapes are often unrelated. For the purposes of argument, we could add 30 mm for men’s street shoes and 40 mm for protective boots. 31 Foot breadth Definition Maximum horizontal breadth, wherever found, across the foot perpendicular to the long axis.
Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of the Work, Second Edition by STEPHEN PHEASANT