Get Autism: A Social and Medical History PDF

By M. Waltz

ISBN-10: 0230527507

ISBN-13: 9780230527508

Autism: A Social and clinical background contextualizes autism as a socio cultural phenomenon, and examines the usually troubling results of representations and social traits. Exploring the contributors and occasions within the heritage of this situation, Waltz blends examine and private views to ascertain social narratives of normalcy, incapacity and difference.

Autism has frequently been visible as become independent from different kinds of impairment and unfavourable attitudes in the direction of individuals with autism and, long ago, their mom and dad, were well-known. This booklet explores key learn within the box in addition to perception from mom and dad and folks with autism, the latter of whom have frequently had no voice in what's written concerning the background of autism.

This publication will attract researchers and scholars within the fields of scientific sociology, incapacity experiences, and scientific historical past in addition to expanding public debates on autism.

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Example text

During Hugh Blair’s lifetime the scientific method began to be brought to bear on the subject of disability. Rejecting the idea that impairment or illness was caused by fairies, devils, or sin, researchers tried to classify forms of disability and sought scientific explanations. Unfortunately, much of the time they only knew enough to be dangerous, and many still believed, deep down, that people with disabilities (or their parents) were to blame for their own problems. Jean-Marc Gaspard Itard (1775–1838) was one of the Enlightenment thinkers who did much to consider the characteristics associated with autism scientifically.

Of course, the model of lifelong incarceration did not apply in all countries, or in all situations. For example, in the first half of the twentieth century, Canadians still tended to care for children with learning difficulties at home, turning to institutional care as a last resort. Triggers for institutionalisation in Canada tended to be internal family problems or factors specific to the disabled child, rather than the application of external imperatives described by Trent, Foucault, and others (Chupik and Wright, 2006).

Because the Romanian government had outlawed birth control but grinding poverty and public policy forced Romanian mothers into work, many children placed in orphanages were there simply because their parents could not care for them. However, the very same socio-economic conditions dictated the mass institutionalisation of children with disabilities. As follow-up studies of Romanian orphans adopted in the West have indicated, most of the children exhibiting symptoms of hospitalism improved behaviourally after adoption, but many did not, despite the provision of special education services (Ames, 1997).

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Autism: A Social and Medical History by M. Waltz

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