By D. C. Ince
This computing device technological know-how textbook deals an advent to the idea and perform of formal specification, outlined because the use of discrete arithmetic for describing the functionality of and software program structures. Formal specification performs an essential position, specifically in regards to problem-free deploy. Designed for college students imminent the topic for the 1st time, this article develops all of the required analytical and mathematical thoughts. quite a few labored examples and workouts reveal real software program and desktops. The publication culminates with an advent to "Z", a proper notation that's quite invaluable for unambiguously specifying platforms.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Discrete Mathematics and Formal System Specification
For example: /** * Display a list of classes, many to a line. * * @param classes The classes to display * @return true on success, * false on failure. htm (1 of 2) [2/5/2003 7:46:12 PM] Comments (Java in a Nutshell) See Chapter 7, "Java Programming and Documentation Conventions", for more information on the doccomment syntax and Chapter 8, "Java Development Tools", for more information on the javadoc program. 1. The Unicode Character Set Copyright © 2001 O'Reilly & Associates.
It is best to avoid these characters in your own identifiers. Another important restriction on identifiers is that you cannot use any of the keywords and literals that are part of the Java language itself. These reserved words are listed in Table 2-1. Table 2-1. htm (1 of 2) [2/5/2003 7:46:15 PM] Identifiers and Reserved Words (Java in a Nutshell) char finally long static try class float native strictfp void const for new super volatile null switch while continue goto default Note that const and goto are reserved words, but aren't part of the Java language.
7. Reference Types In addition to its eight primitive types, Java defines two additional categories of data types: classes and arrays. Java programs consist of class definitions; each class defines a new data type that can be manipulated by Java programs. For example, a program might define a class named Point and use it to store and manipulate X,Y points in a Cartesian coordinate system. This makes Point a new data type in that program. An array type represents a list of values of some other type.
An Introduction to Discrete Mathematics and Formal System Specification by D. C. Ince