By Heather J. Sharkey
In 1854, American Presbyterian missionaries arrived in Egypt as a part of a bigger Anglo-American Protestant flow aiming for all over the world evangelization. safe by means of British imperial strength, and later by means of mounting American worldwide effect, their firm flourished in the course of the subsequent century. American Evangelicals in Egypt follows the continued and sometimes unforeseen adjustments initiated by way of missionary actions among the mid-nineteenth century and 1967--when the Six-Day Arab-Israeli battle uprooted the american citizens in Egypt.
Heather Sharkey makes use of Arabic and English resources to make clear the various points of missionary encounters with Egyptians. those happened via associations, equivalent to colleges and hospitals, and during literacy courses and rural improvement tasks that expected later efforts of NGOs. To Egyptian Muslims and Coptic Christians, missionaries provided new versions for civic participation and for women's roles in collective worship and group lifestyles. even as, missionary efforts to transform Muslims and reform Copts prompted new varieties of Egyptian social activism and caused nationalists to enact legislation limiting missionary actions. confronted by means of Islamic strictures and customs concerning apostasy and conversion, and by means of expectancies concerning the right constitution of Christian-Muslim family members, missionaries in Egypt trigger debates approximately non secular liberty that reverberate even this day. finally, the missionary adventure in Egypt ended in reconsiderations of project coverage and evangelism in ways in which had long term repercussions for the tradition of yank Protestantism.
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Extra resources for American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire
Regardless of the local reception of their efforts, missionaries were aware of themselves as participants in a global movement in which the mere fact of giving witness to their faith was potentially as important as how the message was received. 73 Moreover, many of the American Presbyterians in Egypt did not regard formal declaration of Protestant faith as the only litmus test for successful evangelism. In the nineteenth century as in the twentieth, many saw social and religious reform as a worthy goal.
A. 43 Otherwise, the UPCNA in the midnineteenth century had three ideological features that shaped the church’s mission policies and practices, not only in Egypt and northern India (where mission work had started in 1855) but also in the United States. These were opposition to slavery, support for Biblecentered education, and anti-Catholic sentiment. Opposition to Slavery The UPCNA took a strict anti-slavery line. As early as 1800, one of its antecedents (the Associate Church) had declared slavery “a moral evil and unjustifiable” and had withdrawn from the American slaveowning states on the grounds that it did not want slave-owners as congregants.
Government installed its first American-born consul in Egypt,1 Dr. J. G. Paulding of the Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church mission in Damascus, Syria, visited Egypt to recover his health. Writing to leaders of his church in Pennsylvania, Paulding praised Egypt as an open field for Christian mission. ”2 This language of deployment and occupation anticipated the militant rhetoric that the British government used after its invasion of Egypt in 1882. The Rev. Thomas and Henrietta McCague, husband and wife, left Philadelphia late in 1854.
American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire by Heather J. Sharkey