Download e-book for iPad: All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World by Ruth A. Johnston

By Ruth A. Johnston

ISBN-10: 0313364621

ISBN-13: 9780313364624

All issues Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World covers the widest definition of "medieval Europe" attainable, now not by means of masking heritage within the conventional, textbook demeanour of directory wars, leaders, and critical historical occasions, yet via proposing targeted alphabetical entries that describe the artifacts of medieval Europe. via analyzing the hidden fabric tradition and via featuring information regarding issues that few books cover—pottery, locks and keys, footwear, weaving looms, barrels, toys, pets, ink, kitchen utensils, and lots more and plenty more—readers get worthwhile insights into the character of existence in the course of that point interval and area.

The heartland eu areas reminiscent of England, France, Italy, and Germany are coated commonly, and data concerning the items of areas reminiscent of Byzantium, Muslim Spain, and Scandinavia also are incorporated. for every subject of fabric tradition, the access considers the entire scope of the medieval period—roughly 500-1450—to supply the reader a old point of view of comparable traditions or innovations and describes the craftsmen and instruments that produced it.

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These included predatory animals like wolves, foxes, and bears and grazing deer hunted for their meat. They also included many small animals that still live at the margins of human society. The most feared animal was the wolf. In the 7th and 8th centuries, much of Europe was covered with deep forest, and human settlements were isolated or coastal. By the 14th century, the forests were nearly gone, except for fringes on mountain slopes. Wolves withdrew to these ranges, and, where possible, they were hunted to extinction.

In the stories of Arthur, a medieval audience could enjoy a gilded version of their own world, in which everyone had noble purposes and experienced miracles. The Arthurian cycle served a further purpose in medieval society. Arthur’s knights were on the side of law and order, and they were deeply religious. They fought against ghostly demon knights who had not been true to the code of chivalry, and they opposed renegade knights who used their strength to rob and oppress. Malory’s Arthurian tales state that each year, the Round Table knights had to swear not to rape women.

Trainers for dogs, horses, bears, and apes traveled to fairs and castles or stayed at a nobleman’s court. Bears and dogs could both learn to dance. Apes could learn to juggle, ride on dogs, or work simple machines like wheelbarrows. Bears also learned to pretend to fight with actors so the crowd could enjoy watching a wrestling match. Cockfighting began as a sport for boys in France, but it became an adult sport for betting. Medieval people believed that roosters were natural fighters, like knights, and that it was noble for them to fight each other.

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All Things Medieval: An Encyclopedia of the Medieval World by Ruth A. Johnston

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