By Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm
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In recent times one has witnessed in physics a considerable bring up in curiosity in undertaking basic reports within the nonlinear optics of condensed topic. on the Danish universities, this elevate has been in particular stated on the Institute of Physics on the college of Aalborg, the place the most actions are established round basic examine in the domain names of nonlinear quantum optics, nonlinear optics of metals and superconductors, and nonlinear floor optics.
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Due to the localization, the initial state packet spreads with a velocity h/(M Äx). Hence, the maximum measurement time, T, should be chosen so that (h/M Äx)T := 2Äx, or T = 2M Äx 2 /h. With Eq. 2, this yields the diffraction limited resolution ÄXDIFF = (2~F) t, (5) which is identical to the acceleration limited resolution. Using in Eq. 3 for Äxv EL a value of V x approximately equal to the diffraction velo city, and solving for Äx yields the same result, which shows that the diffraction limit is a just a special case of velo city limited resolution.
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INTRODUCTION The recent experimental realizations of light-induced diffraction gratings [1-3] and evanescent wave mirrors [4,5] for atoms have led to considerable theoretical interest in understanding how these devices may possibly be employed as optical elements for atomic interferometry. To date, most analyses have been concerned with preserving atomic coherence throughout the interaction and have thus sought conditions under which spontaneous emission may be avoided [6-8]. This usually requires a large detuning between the optical and atomic frequencies, reducing the strength of the interaction.
A Unitary Principle of Optics, Catoptrics, and Dioptrics by Leibniz Gottfried Wilhelm