Rosemary Horrox, W. Mark Ormrod's A Social History of England, 1200-1500 PDF

By Rosemary Horrox, W. Mark Ormrod

ISBN-10: 0521789540

ISBN-13: 9780521789547

What was once existence fairly like in England within the later heart a long time? This entire creation explores the total breadth of English existence and society within the interval 1200-1500. establishing with a survey of historiographical and demographic debates, the publication then explores the crucial subject matters of later medieval society, together with the social hierarchy, lifestyles in cities and the geographical region, spiritual trust, and varieties of person and collective id. Clustered round those subject matters a sequence of authoritative essays boost our figuring out of alternative very important social and cultural good points of the interval, together with the event of warfare, paintings, legislation and order, adolescence and previous age, ritual, go back and forth and shipping, and the improvement of writing and studying. Written in an obtainable and interesting demeanour by means of a global staff of best students, this e-book is critical either as an advent for college students and as a source for experts.

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Certainly, in his later writings, Postan himself put an increasing emphasis on the role of the Black Death and of later epidemics in keeping down population in the later middle ages; and it is the impact of plague that has been stressed by historians such as Chambers, Hatcher and Platt. Even if population was already in decline before 1348 (which, as we have seen, is itself controversial), the arrival of plague did not simply accelerate a trend that was already in existence, or constitute a self-correcting mechanism brought into play by over-population.

1180, the landlords adopted direct management of their demesnes so as to produce grain, wool and livestock for the market. On the other hand, even the meanest peasant-producers were obliged to sell grain and cash crops, such as wool, in order to pay their money rents, manorial fines and royal taxes. Literally thousands of weekly markets were formally recognised in the period 1200 to 1349, so that most villages would have had access to at least two or three nearby markets. Furthermore, much trading, including that of landlords with their own tenants, avoided any formal regulation.

Yet, in practice, the historical picture we eventually obtain is the product of all of the pieces of the jigsaw brought together. As with descriptions of social structure, so with explanations of social and economic change, it is possible to reconcile and combine particular aspects of apparently competing schools of thought. Once the initial heat of debate dies down, medieval historians have tended to opt for a theoretical eclecticism and to marry the strengths of each of the different approaches on offer.

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A Social History of England, 1200-1500 by Rosemary Horrox, W. Mark Ormrod

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