A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient - download pdf or read online

By Georgia L. Irby

ISBN-10: 1118372670

ISBN-13: 9781118372678

A significant other to technology, know-how, and drugs in old Greece and Rome brings a clean standpoint to the research of those disciplines within the old global, with 60 chapters studying those subject matters from numerous serious and technical perspectives.

  • Brings a clean standpoint to the learn of technology, expertise, and medication within the old global, with 60 chapters interpreting those issues from various severe and technical perspectives
  • Begins insurance in six hundred BCE and comprises sections at the later Roman Empire and past, that includes dialogue of the transmission and reception of those principles into the Renaissance
  • Investigates key disciplines, techniques, and routine in old technological know-how, know-how, and medication in the ancient, cultural, and philosophical contexts of Greek and Roman society
  • Organizes its content material in halves: the 1st specializes in mathematical and average sciences; the second one specializes in cultural purposes and interdisciplinary themes

2 Volumes

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Additional resources for A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome, 2 Volume Set

Sample text

They grow, reach a peak, and then decline and are destroyed: In some of these (cosmoi) there is no sun or moon, in some they are larger than ours and in some more numerous. The spaces between cosmoi are not equal, in places there are more and in others less, some are growing, some are in their prime, some declining, some are coming to be and others failing. They are destroyed by falling into each other. There are cosmoi bereft of animals and vegetation and all moisture. In our cosmos the earth was generated prior to the stars, and the moon is the lowest, followed by the sun and then the stars.

I will use “universe” for all that there is and “cosmos” for a well-ordered world within the universe. In general, a cosmos consisted of earth, sun, moon, five planets, and some surrounding stars. In some views, one cosmos exhausted the universe, in others there were many cosmoi (plural of cosmos) within a universe, with variations on earth, sun, moon, and five planets. In some views, there was one cosmos, eternal once generated; in others, cosmoi were subject to destruction and replacement. One can classify Greek ideas on the creation and destruction of the world into four broad types: 1) A single cosmos is generated, which then exists permanently, with no destruction.

Each being moved by chance, according to the power each has, they somehow fell together in a fitting and harmonious manner, hot with cold or dry with moist or hard with soft, all of the forced blendings happening by the mixing of opposites according to chance. In this way and by these means the heavens and all that pertains to them have come into being and all of the animals and plants, all of the seasons having been created from these things, not by intelligence, they say, nor by some god nor some skill, but, as we say, through nature and chance.

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A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome, 2 Volume Set by Georgia L. Irby

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